First CODATA Prize Awarded to Barry Taylor for Work on Fundamental Constants
CODATA, the ICSU Committee on Data for Science and Technology, announces that
the first recipient of the newly instituted CODATA Prize is Dr. Barry Taylor
of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States). Dr. Taylor
is cited for major contributions to the advancement of our understanding of
the physical world through critically evaluated values of the fundamental physical
constants. This first CODATA Prize was awarded at the 17th International
CODATA Conference held at Baveno/Stresa, Italy in October 2000.
For over 30 years, Dr.
Taylor, working with colleagues throughout the world, has been at the forefront
of measuring and evaluating data on the fundamental physical constants. This
work has resulted in three decennial adjustments of the fundamental constants
that provide a cohesive set of constants that are used by scientists and engineers
in virtually every field of science and engineering. These recommended values
have had a profound influence on precision metrology. Working with partners
including E. Richard Cohen and Peter Mohr, Taylor has pioneered new approaches
to evaluating these data. The 1999 CODATA Adjustment of the Fundamental Physical
Constants has recently been published in the Journal of Physical and Chemical
Reference Data and the Reviews of Modern Physics.
Barry Taylor served for six years as Chairman of the CODATA Task Group
on Fundamental Constants and is still an active member of that group. Taylor
is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Institute of Electrical
and Electronic Engineers and the Washington Academy of Science. He has
been made an Honorary Foreign Member of the Academy of Metrology of the
Russian Federation and has been elected Chair of the American Physical
Society Topical Group on Precision Measurements and Fundamental Constants.
Dr. Taylor's early work on the ac Josephson effect first made it known
to the world that measurements of quantum phenomena in condensed matter
physics could provide information on the fundamental constants. Such measurements
have been an important source of information since then. Taylor has also
organized two international conferences on fundamental constants that have
stimulated communication and interest in the field. For recent generations
of workers in science and technology, any mention of the fundamental constants
brings Barry Taylor's name to mind.
CODATA is an international scientific organization concerned with collection,
management, manipulation, access to and exploitation of quantitative data
in science and technology. For over 30 years, CODATA has been a center
for international, multi-lateral, multi-disciplinary cooperation for data
activities. Through its task groups, conferences, and publications, CODATA
enriches the scientific world with the latest advances in data and data
technology. The CODATA Secretariat is located in Paris, France, and serves
a world-wide network of over 20 national committees, 14 scientific union
members and many supporting organizations.
For further information about CODATA or the CODATA Prize, please contact the CODATA Secretariat.