International Council Of Scientific Unions Committee On Data For Science And Technology

Number 70 Codata Newlsetter

February 1995

  1. 21st Century Data Challenges
  2. Transborder Flow of Data
  3. Materials Data Management
  4. CODATA Glossary
  5. New Books/Databases
  6. CODATA Calendar
  7. CODATA Supporting Organizations
  8. Materials Database Newsletter, March 1995, Number 20

21st Century Data Challenges

An Inter-Association Workshop, sponsored by the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the EarthUs Interior (IASPEI), and co-sponsored by the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA), the ICSU Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA), and the ICSU Panel on World Data Centers will be held all day on Thursday, July 13, 1995, and will consist of invited and contributed oral papers, and a poster session during the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics General Assembly, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A., July 3-14, 1995.

This Workshop will focus on the changing requirements of the research community for access to scientific data in the next century. Important aspects of these requirements are likely to involve high band-width networks, distributed data archive and dissemination facilities, sophisticated network search and retrieval systems, parallel processor computing facilities, and innovative ways to provide data to non-technical users. These will be accompanied by software developments such as hierarchical data systems, artificial intelligence, and neural networks, the use of geographic information systems, and advances in optical character recognition methods. This Workshop will provide a forum for interactions between research geophysicists concerned about data availability and the computer scientists who will design the data systems of the future.

Abstracts are to be submitted to the American Geophysical Union by February 1, 1995 and copies to the Principal Convenor. For more information, contact any of the Convenors.

Principal Convener: Dr. Michael A. Chinnery, National Geophysical Data Center, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303, U.S.A. Telephone: +1-303-497-6215; Fax: +1-303-497-6513; E-mail:

Co-Convener: Prof. G. A. Sobolev, Institute of Physics of the Earth, Molodezhnaya 3, Moscow 117296, RUSSIA. Telephone: +7-095-930-0546; Fax: +7-095-930-5509; E-mail:

Co-Convenor: Prof. C. C. Tscherning, Geophysical Department, University of Copenhagen, Haraldsgade 6, DK2200 Copenhagen N., DENMARK. Telephone: +45-35-320582; Fax: +45-35-822565

Issues in the Transborder Flow of Data

The U.S. National Committee for CODATA is undertaking a major international study to identify important issues and trends in the transborder flow of scientific and technical (S&T) data, particularly on electronic networks. The study will characterize the technical, legal, economic, and policy issues that have an influenceQwhether favorable or negativeQon access by the scientific community to S&T data. Special attention will be given to the specific conditions inherent in the transborder transfers of electronic S&T data among the academic, governmental, and private sectors. The study will then identify and describe those barriers that have the most adverse impact in discipline areas within CODATA's purviewQthe physical, astronomical, biological, and geological sciencesQand across those disciplines, using representative examples. Finally, it will identify trends likely to have significant discipline-specific and interdisciplinary influence on the use of S&T data, particularly in electronic forms, and, where appropriate, suggest approaches that could help overcome barriers to access in the international context. The study is being conducted between July 1, 1994 and June 30, 1995. Its goal is to help improve data access and services internationally.

This study follows up on a similar survey and report done by CODATA and the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) in 1990. If you have information on significant issues (e.g., restrictions on data, cost recovery policies, academic scientists' needs, protection of intellectual property, effect on economically developing countries, technical barriers, Internet, etc.), regarding the dissemination of and access to numerical data in the natural sciences from the legal, policy, economic, and technical perspectives, please send your response and any related documentation you are able to provide to: Paul F. Uhlir, Director, usnc/codata, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20418, U.S.A. Telephone (202) 334-3061; Fax: (202) 334-2154; Internet:

Materials Database Management TG

The Task Group met in Chambéry September 14, 1994, and has begun to prepare a 3rd Edition of the International Register of Materials Database Managers to be available late in 1995 and possibly to be included on CODATA's WWW Internet array. Prior Editions: 1990 and 1993. It will continue to focus on personnel, but provide e-mail addresses and more detailed description of the nature, scope, purpose and utilization of the databases enumerated.

Further cost/benefit studies by the Task Group are contemplated. These studies will distinguish between public and private databases, and between online, PC, and CD-Rom and include anecdotal accounts where appropriate.

Decision about the next meeting site and date was deferred.

New Edition of CODATA Glossary

The 1991 first edition of the Glossary produced primarily by Jack H. Westbrook was a resounding success. An updated and expanded edition to be created by a Working Group of about seven people representing particular areas is already underway. Five of them have already accepted the invitation. Proposed Membership:

Working and collaborating by mail, e-mail, and telefax, they hope by late 1996 to produce a better product. The scope of their endeavor will include: substitution of standard for ad hoc definitions, improvement of ad hoc definitions; deletion of un-needed, deprecated, or controversial terms; introduction of new terms and definitions; addition and improvement of thesaurus relationships; and possibly to identify term equivalents in other languages.

The new initiative is also being directed by Jack H. Westbrook. Those wishing to help criticize, enhance, or expand the present document are welcome to send their suggestions directly to Dr. Jack H. Westbrook, Brookline Technologies, 5 Brookline Road, Ballston Spa, NY 12020, USA; Tel/FAX: 1-518-885-8840; or to communicate with other members of the Working Group.

New Books


CODATA Monograph Series Volume 3. International Geothermodynamic Tables. Editors: I. L. Khodakovsky, E. F. Westrum, Jr., Bruce H. Hemingway. Forthcoming (ca. June 1995).

Other Books and/or Databases

CRC Handbook of Thermophysical and Thermochemical Data, Editors: D. R. Lide, H. V. Kehiaian. [c,d]

Numerica® Logkow Database.

DECHEMA Chemistry Data Series, Vol. XII, Electrolyte Data Collection; Part 1a, Conductivities, Transference Numbers, Limiting Ionic Conductivities of Ethanol Solutions; Authors: J. Bartel, R. Neueder; Editors: R. Eckermann, G. Kreysa.

DECHEMA Chemistry Data Series, Vol. XII, Electrolyte Data Collection; Part 1b, Conductivities, Transference Numbers, and Limiting Ionic Conductivities of Solutions of Propanol, Butanol, and Higher Alcohols. Authors: J. Bartel, R. Neueder, P. Schröder; Editor: G. Kreysa.

Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds in the Gas State (Volumes I and II). Authors: M. Frenkel, G. J. Kabo, K. N. Marsh, G. N. Roganov, R. C. Wilhoit. PC Diskette (IBM) incorporated.

CODATA Calendar

CODATA Supporting Organizations 1995

Supporting Organizations foster CODATA's activities and objectives in many ways and receive certain perquisites and benefits. They are entitled to choose their category of adherence (and the corresponding dues) and usually designate a "Contact" person and may send an Observer to the General Assembly. [Organizations desiring to become Supporting Organizations should contact the Executive Director or the Secretary General.]




Task Group on Materials Database Management

Materials Database Newsletter, March 1995, Number 20




EDITOR: W. G. Jackson, The Institute of Materials, 1 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5DB, UK: Tel +44 71 839 4071; FAX +44 71 839 2289. There are no restrictions on the reproduction and distribution of the contents of this Newsletter.


Editor: Edgar F. Westrum, Jr.
Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-105
Telephone: (313) 764-7357 / Telex: 8102236056
FAX: +1-313-747-4865

Associate Editor: Phyllis Glaeser
CODATA Secretariat, 51 Blvd. de Montmorency,
75016 Paris, France
Telephone: 33 1 45250496 / Telex: 645554 F
FAX: +33 1 42881466 / Cables: ICSU Paris 016

Published four times per year (February, May, August, November) Assistance in dissemination provided by National Committees.